U.S. National Park Service
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Mission San Gabriel (NPS photo)
Mission San Gabriel

Photo: NPS and Ron Ory
  Los Angeles County – San Gabriel to Hidden Water

Counties on the trail from south to north: 

To download as a PDF, click here (776 Kb). Viewable with Adobe Acrobat Reader 
Map of Juan Bautista de Anza trail in Los Angeles County


Driving Directions for Auto Route

From Riverside County, continue west on I-10. As you approach downtown Los Angeles (L.A.), take the New Avenue exit north to S. Ramona St. to visit the Mission San Gabriel, and the Gabrieliño-Tongva portion of Smith Park (about half a kilometer east of the Mission). To get to the park, turn right at Junipero Serra Dr. to W. Broadway. To continue onward, return to I-10 west to I-5. From I-5, take the Pasadena Freeway off-ramp to the Figueroa St. exit. Turn left onto Avenue 26 to the Los Angeles River Center and Gardens. Get directions to El Pueblo de Los Angeles Historic Monument, the birthplace of Los Angeles in 1781. Continue north on I-5, turn west on CA 134 and transition to US 101 north to continue to Ventura County.


Hiking/Biking Ideas

The Los Angeles River Trail (access from 570 West Avenue 26) is an enjoyable way for hikers and bikers to travel from the 4,000-acre Griffith Park to Elysian Park. Along the Rio Hondo and Skyline trails hikers and wildlife collect from within this busy city. Access of the Skyline trail is from the Whitter Narrows Nature Center. Leaving L. A., trails at the Los Encinos and Malibu Creek State Parks, both off Hwy 101, can also be explored.

Scenes from Mission San Gabriel

Scenes from today's Mission San Gabriel:
the mission itself, a
tuna (cactus) in its gardens and a memorial to Rivera y Moncada and Father Garcés.

Photo: NPS and Ron Ory


Anza mural at the Los Angeles River

The Anza mural at the
Los Angeles River.



Photo: NPS


L.A. People

Near the original San Gabriel Mission were the sites of the Isantgangna and Aquibit Rancherias. These were Native American villages of the Gabrieliño-Tongva people who had lived in the area for thousands of years before Father Serra founded the Mission in 1771. One of the first non-native settlers of L.A. was José Vicente Féliz, an Anza expedition member. His wife had died in childbirth at La Canoa on the first night out from Tubac, but his large family lived on. Griffith Park is part of the original Los Féliz land grant, while the City of Los Angeles is on a large piece of pueblo lands granted by Carlos III, King of Spain, in 1781. More than half of the original settlers of the pueblo had African ancestors. All the pobladores were free to start a new life.



Send comments about this Trail Guide to:
National Park Service,
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail -
1111 Jackson Street, Suite 700, Oakland, California 94607;
Tel. 510-817-1438,
web: nps.gov/juba

  About Your Visit to Los Angeles County

The expedition entered the county from the east past San Dimas and went on to Mission San Gabriel Arcángel. The colonists stayed at the mission for about six weeks while Anza, Font and some soldiers went to San Diego to help quell an American Indian rebellion there. Later, the colonists traveled west from the mission to cross the Los Angeles River, entering the San Fernando Valley and crossing the Simi Hills at Calabasas.
 
 


Sites of Interest

A. Mission San Gabriel Arcángel and Expedition Camp #62 (and #71)
On January 4, 1776, the expedition reached the mission, their first outpost of the Spanish empire in (Alta) California. Anza had visited the mission at its first site on his 1774 trip, and the current site on his colonizing expedition. He remained January 4-6,1776, and then went to San Diego. Camps #63 to #70 were therefore during that side-trip. Returning February 12, he continued to Monterey on February 21 with most of the colonists. The mission today (428 South Mission Drive, San Gabriel) is a working parish, with a museum and gardens. Nearby, take the City of San Gabriel historical walk and visit Smith Park (232 W. Broadway) to learn about the Gabrieliño-Tongva people. The Whittier Narrows Recreation Area (1000 N. Durfee Ave. in S. El Monte) features ranger tours and bird-watching walks. Near its southeastern edge at the Río (River) Hondo, a plaque (at the southwest corner N. San Gabriel Blvd. and N. Lincoln Ave.) marks the location of the first mission.

B. El Pueblo De Los Angeles Historical Monument
One contingent of settlers, led by Fernando de Rivera y Moncada, used the Anza trail in 1781 to found the pueblo of Los Angeles (L.A.). During that expedition (which was divided into three parties) Rivera and Father Garcés, were killed at Yuma by the Quechan tribe that had been so friendly to Anza. Now in downtown Los Angeles, the site of the original settlement includes the Plaza, Olvera Street, the Ávila Adobe Museum, and other historic buildings (125 Paseo de la Plaza).

C. Elysian Park and Griffith Park to Expedition Camp #72
At Elysian Park (835 Academy Road, L.A.), a plaque (CA #655) placed at the North Broadway entrance to the park indicates that the Portolá party crossed the Los Angeles River (Río Porciúncula) at the site of today's Broadway Bridge. It's believed that the Anza expedition crossed here also. Along the L.A. River Trail, a large mural depicts abstract images of Anza and indigenous people along the concrete walls of the flood-control channel. The expedition's camp for February 21, 1776 (#72, Puertezuelo) was inside Griffith Park, where today can be found the Autry National Center / Institute for the Study of the American West (4700 Zoo Drive), where the 1772 Joseph María García Manuscript can be found that contains music of Anza's time.

D. Malibu Creek State Park to Calabasas and Expedition Camp #73
Camp was made on February 22, 1776 at Agua Escondida (hidden water). Its exact location is uncertain. Today, nearby Malibu Creek State Park (34º 6.198' N, 118º 43.986' W) is within the Santa Monica Mountains and incorporates Las Virgenes Creek. Each spring, the Anza en Calabasas event is held at the former Soka University campus (26800 Mulholland Hwy, Calabasas) within Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area, which also includes the Satwiwa Native American Indian Natural Area and Culture Center.

  Learning On The Trail in Los Angeles County


Questions on the Trail

Mission San Gabriel, photo by Ron Ory
Mission San Gabriel Photo : Ron Ory

On March 24, 1776, Fr. Francisco Garcés arrived at the Mission San Gabriel after wandering through the Colorado and Mojave deserts with Sebastián Tarabal. He stayed two weeks, and he presided over the marriage of expedition member Feliciana Arballo to Juan Francisco López on April 7, with Sebastián and Sgt. Grijalva serving as witnesses. Learn more in this entry in the book of marriages at Mission San Gabriel. (This will open in a new window. Please close that window when finished.)

On his way back home from Monterey to San Miguel de Horcasitas, Anza returned to Mission San Gabriel on April 29, 1776 with several soldiers and Father Font.

Question: By how many days did they miss Father Garcés? By how many days did they miss the marriage?

Question: Could they visit the Los Angeles Pueblo?


On the CD: The Morning Hymn of the Missions

El Cántico del Alba and the Alabado (on the psaltery) After much hardship, the Anza party arrived at the Mission San Gabriel on January 4, 1776. Father Font's journal states that he played his psalterio (psaltery) on January 6 at the Mass where thanks were given for delivering the colonists safely to California. Anza, Font and several soldiers left on January 7 with governor Fernando de Rivera y Moncada to help deal with an uprising of the local native tribe at Mission San Diego (the Kumeyaay) where a priest was killed. The uprising having been over before their arrival, Anza and his men never fought the natives there, and felt somewhat useless. On February 9, they left San Diego for San Gabriel and, upon their arrival, learned that some deserters had stolen chocolate, mules and other supplies (Moraga went after them and later caught up to them near the Colorado River.) Back at San Gabriel, Anza was understandably depressed about the delays to the expedition, the dwindling supplies for the colonists, the lack of cooperation of Rivera and the deserters. Font played his psaltery for him on February 18 to cheer him up. Perhaps El Cántico del Alba was one of the songs Font played. It was well known at all the missions. Both songs can still be heard today during musical performances at missions throughout California.

Click to play The Morning Hymn MP3 file Play MP3 file of The Morning Hymn
El Cantico del Alba and The Alabado
Artist Lance Beeson (Psaltery)
(playing time 2 minutes and 16 seconds)


Additional Resources

Mission San Gabriel Arcángel - 428 S. Mission Dr., San Gabriel, CA 91776;
tel.: 626-457-3048,
web: sangabrielmission.org


Smith Park - San Gabriel Parks and Recreation Dept 425 S. Mission Drive, San Gabriel, California 91776;
tel.: 626-308-2875,
web:
sangabrielcity.com/


Whittier Narrows Park & Nature Center - L.A. County Department of Parks and Recreation;
tel.: 626-575-5523,
web: lacountyparks.org


El Pueblo De Los Angeles Historical Monument - 125 Paseo de la Plaza, Los Angeles, CA 90012;
tel.: 213-625-5045,
web: ci.la.ca.us/elp


Elysian Park - 835 Academy Rd., Los Angeles, CA 90012;
tel.: 213-485-5054,
web: laparks.org/dos/parks/
facility/elysianPk.htm



Griffith Park - 4730 Crystal Springs Dr., Los Angeles, CA 90027;
tel.: 323-913-4688,
web: laparks.org/dos/parks/
griffithPK/sorailroad.htm



Los Angeles River Center - 570 W. Ave. 26, Los Angeles, CA 90065;
tel.: 323-221-8900,
web: lamountains.com/
parks.asp?parkid=32



Los Encinos State Historic Park and Malibu Creek State Park;
tel.: 818-251-2100;
web: parks.ca.gov


Back to Juan Bautista de Anza Trail Guide Homepage.

Listen to tracks on the Anza Trail Guide CD.

Learn more about the Anza Trail CD and Music.

Learn more about the Anza Trail Guide Project.

Look up names, locations and terms in the Glossary.

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